At the beginning of 2020, no one expected that the sudden epidemic had imprisoned people's free travel for a while. With the resumption of production at the end of February and early March, China has gradually restored most of its productivity. At present, the focus of the textile and apparel industry is nothing more than the overseas epidemic situation has not improved, whether to export to domestic sales, how the crude oil market trend is confusing, how it affects the polyester industry and how to involve the downstream weaving industry.
However, the fundamental development of each industry is closely related to human resources. In recent years, with the increase in domestic labor costs, many labor-intensive enterprises have encountered difficulties in employment, and seek suitable labor through various channels.
According to the latest news from the "Yangtze Evening News", the head of the production workshop of a textile factory in Jiangning discovered that the new batch of workers in the factory was actually Vietnamese who were organized by the employment agent Li Moumou. They crossed the border by stealing , Enter China to play "black work". What is the reason? It is understood that in May 2015, a textile factory in Jiangning experienced labor shortages. They contacted the laborers by posting information on the Internet and other methods, so they have the following.
A similar reality has also been encountered around me. Recently, a reporter from the Global Textile Network came to the China Textile City Logistics Building. During the interview with Master Chen, he learned that the current employees in the textile factory have an aging trend, and there are often several young people. Came to work, but could not accept the hard environment and hard work, and left after a few months. In textile enterprises in Jiangsu and Zhejiang, few locals are willing to go to work in factories, and migrant workers have taken up half of the country.
It is understood that on April 21, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security released the "Top 100 National Shortage Jobs in the First Quarter of 2020", "Sewing Worker", "Spinner", "Textile Dyeing Worker", and "Sewing Machinery Assembly" "Debugger", "weaving work", "shoemaker", "cutting worker" are impressively ranked in the list of the 100 shortest occupations in the country.
In addition to the above personal factors that cannot overcome the working environment and other factors that lead to the "labor shortage" in the textile and apparel industry, the industry also holds the following views on the macro level.
First, the orientation of public opinion determines that some novices stay away from the textile and apparel industry. The social concept of “first-rate talents do finance, second-rate talents engage in real estate, and third-rate talents do business” makes everyone hold the impression that “dry industry is humble” , Would not want to enter this industry, the "newborn" who just left the campus, would rather do real estate sales, rather than entering the textile factory as a skilled worker.
Second, in the upstream of the textile industry, there is a relatively high demand for high-end technical talents, and high-end talents are in short supply. Downstream, pressured by rising wage costs, workers are seeking suitable labor. There is a contradiction between workers' wages and the rise in business benefits.
Third, the textile and apparel industry has shifted from developed regions to some central provinces or underdeveloped regions in developed provinces. Workers have returned to their hometowns to re-establish stable employment, resulting in a shortage of labor in textile and apparel companies in developed regions.
Fourth, China's current urban-rural “dual” management system is based on “domestic management”, placing the household registration population and the floating population in two different management systems, each operating independently. Foreign labor services are in a disadvantaged group in the city, and they basically cannot enjoy the rights of residence, employment, education, medical care, etc. linked to the household registration at the same time, but also lack the right to speak. Portrayal. Because of the barrier of this household registration threshold, individuals cannot find a sense of belonging in their homes in the city, and can only stay on the edge of the city. It is just the root of the system formed by the “labor shortage”.
The difficulty in employment in the textile and apparel industry is actually a microcosm of the entire manufacturing industry. "Labor shortage" has existed in the past. How to solve this stubborn root and inject fresh blood into the textile and apparel industry in 2020 and beyond is imperative Too.