How to distinguish knitted fabrics such as flannel, jersey, large and small terry cloth

How to distinguish knitted fabrics such as flannel, jersey, large and small terry cloth

                       
Update:09-06-2021
Summary:1. The flannel, as the name suggests, must be brushed, you can see it by looking, and you can touch ...
1. The flannel, as the name suggests, must be brushed, you can see it by looking, and you can touch it, such as single-sided fleece, double-sided fleece, and polar fleece.
2. The jersey is usually made of cotton. It has a single-sided structure and is thinner. There are many kinds of ingredients. The front is like rows of small braids.
3. Terry, usually there are loops on the reverse side, the front is similar to the jersey, the fleece of the sweater, you can see it when you take it out, some of the back side is brushed, and some are not brushed and you can see the loop Yes, the ingredients are usually CVC, cotton, etc.
To classify knitted fabrics, we must first talk about the raw materials:
Plant fiber: cotton, hemp.
Animal fiber: wool, rabbit hair.
Synthetic chemical fiber: polyester, nylon, acrylic, spandex.
Synthetic plant fiber: artificial cotton (shrub, bamboo fiber).
Protein fiber: silk.
Let's talk about yarn again: all raw materials can be spun single or blended (polyester/cotton), spun into different yarns and weave different fabrics.
Now start weaving knitted grey fabrics.
Knitting is divided into single-sided and double-sided gray fabrics (the most basic single-sided gray fabric is called: jersey, only one side has woven pigtails. The most basic double-sided fabric is called cotton wool, both sides have woven pigtails) (you can find a sweater See clearly, the sweater has a thick stitch)
Using different raw materials, different weaving methods, weave different fabrics.
Single-sided cloth points (can be woven):
Jersey, mesh, terry, all kinds of jacquard
Terry: The front side is a woven pigtail, and the back side is a loop (fish scale circle). If it is fleece, it is flannel.
Terry size: 1, refers to the arc length of the fish scale circle. 2. The fish scale circle is a large loop, and the towel loop is a small loop. (Many are made by convention, there is no standard)
Double-sided cloth points (can be woven):
Cotton wool, air layer, mesh, jacquard, ribbing.
Knitting is determined by the number of needles per inch, (how many needles per inch)
The sweater is generally 3.5-11 stitches/inch,
The jersey is generally 24-32 stitches/inch, and the loop: 18-24 stitches/inch.
The double-sided is generally 22-28 stitches/inch.
The most important indicator of knitted grey fabric: weight per square meter, referred to as: gram weight, for example, jersey: 130g/m2 = 130 grams per square meter.
Flannel: divided into woven and knitted flannel. What I'm talking about is weft knitting. There are three-thread fleece and two-thread fleece. The three-thread fleece decomposes the surface of your plain jersey. It can be seen that there are two yarns at the same time. One yarn goes on one side 100G= The other yarn around 35CM also has a terry weave of 100G=43CM, but although the two yarns are textured at the same time, there is a significant difference in thread length. The length of the loop line is about 18.5CM. When the two veils are split at the same time, the loop yarns naturally fall off, and then the flannel is made by brushing. The decomposition method of the second-line sweater, it can be seen that the veil is directly connected with the loop yarn when it is textured, and the texture is synchronized. Therefore, if the front and back yarn is colored with a deep circle and a shallow cloth, it means that the surface is exposed. The light-colored seed pits are exposed on the surface, and they can't be removed after brushing. It is better to make the positive and negative colors the same. Terry cloth: It is the predecessor of flannel, that is, it is a terry cloth without brushing. Single jersey: The single jersey machine only has bobbin needles, without cap needles/naturally made jersey.